How does your body temperature help you to know ovulation time?

What is basal body temperature? Basal body temperature (BBT) is the lowest body temperature during rest. It is usually measured in the morning as soon as you wake up and before you engage any physical activity. In women, BBT changes with the menstrual cycles. If you make a daily BBT chart in a full menstrual cycle you can see the BBT chart is biphasic which means there are two temperature phases. Ovulation increases BBT for about up to 0.5 degree Celsius. The average BBT is 36.37 ±0.12 ºC during follicular phase (the phase prior to ovulation) and 36.72 ±0.12 ºC in luteal phase (the phase after ovulation). If conception does not occur, the temperature goes down and then the next menstrual cycle starts. If the conception occurs, the temperature stays at the higher level until the end of first trimester of the pregnancy.

 

If you are trying to conceive, making your BBT chart is the easiest way to know if or when you are ovulated precisely, though it does not predict ovulation. Your BBT chart also can tell if your body is the best form and is ready to sustain a pregnancy. BBT was regulated by hormones estrogen and progesterone which produced by ovaries. High levels of estrogen lower BBTs while high levels of progesterone increase BBTs. If your BBT chart is normal, this means your ovaries are functioning well and you are ready for pregnancy.

 

If you have difficulty to conceive, it may reflex on your BBT chart. For example, if you are not ovulating, your BBT chart does not have two phases. If you have short luteal phase which is difficult to sustain your pregnancy it shows a disturbed BBT chart. If your first three day’s BBT is greater than 36.6 ºC, this may be associated with endometriosis.

Which muscle can cause you headache, neck and shoulder pain?

Trapezius muscle: the muscle can cause you headache, neck and shoulder pain.

You may experience headache, neck and shoulder pain and feel aching and burning from the base of your skull to between your shoulder blades. One of the first muscles to cause this pain is trapezius. This is a broad triangular muscle at neck and upper back, one of the largest superficial muscles at the back. It attaches to the base of the skull and extends down to the neck, the upper back until mid back; laterally it inserts to the shoulder blades. There are three functional regions to the muscle: the Upper, middle, and lower trapezius, and each region has its own function: upper region moves the shoulder blades and support the arms; the middle region retracts the shoulder blades and the lower region rotates and depresses the shoulder blades.

 

Pain caused from the upper trapezius includes headaches on the temples, facial, temple or jaw pain, pain behind the eye, dizziness, neck pain, stiff neck, limited movement, intolerance to weight on the shoulders. Pain caused by middle trapezius includes headache at the base of the skull, mid back burning pain or aching along the spine or to the top of the shoulder. Pain caused from the lower trapezius includes headache at the base of the skull, aching on the top of the shoulder, neck, mid back and/or upper shoulder pain; pain at the back of the shoulder blade which could go down the inside of the arm to the ring and little fingers.

 

Acupuncture effectively releases neck and shoulder pain from the trapezius muscles.

Which muscle is related to headaches and wrinkles in the face?

The occipitofrontalis is an interesting muscle. It consists of two parts:

The occipital parts is the occipitalis muscle. This is the muscle that covers parts of the skull at the back of the head. It arises from the upper neck along the base of the skull (occipital bone) and innervated by the facial nerve. Its contraction draws the skull back and contributes to the headaches.

 

The frontal parts are called frontalis muscle. These two muscles are connected by epicranial aponeurosis. The frontalis is continuing from the aponeurosis and is inserted in the fascia of the facial muscle and in the skin above the eyes and nose. This muscle is facial expression muscle and it draws the scalp back to raise eyebrows and wrinkles the forehead.

Distinct facial skin

The facial skin is slightly different from the body skin though it is a part of it. The skin cells on the face are generally smaller than those on the rest of the body. The skin on the face is thinner than that on the body. There is less fat on the facial skin and more hair follicles, sweat and oil glands. If hair follicles become plugged with oily secretions, acne starts. Water is lost from the face more quickly than from the body. when facial skin becomes dry, it can feel rough and tight, even reddened, scaly and itchy.

 

There are four types of facial skin. Normal skin type is the skin is neither dry nor oily. Dry skin type is the skin tends to be dry and often feels tight and rough. Oily skin is the skin feels oily and more prone to have acne. Combination skin is the skin dryness varies at different area: dry cheeks and oily T-zone around the nose.

Acupuncture improves skin circulation and moisture to rejuvenate the skin.

How the body heals itself

 

Tissue repair is involved in the healing process which allows restoration of injured tissue. There are four phases during the healing process: blood clotting, inflammation, tissue growth (proliferation) and tissue remodeling (maturation). Blood clotting is initiated within a few minutes of injury. Plate. The inflammatory phase begins with damage to the capillaries, which triggers the formation of a blood clot and the various recruited cells to migrate into wound, such as inflammatory cells (neutrophils and macrophages), fibroblasts and endothelial cells and damaged tissue and cells, bacteria and other debris are cleared out. In proliferation phase, new blood vessels are formed and new tissue cells are crawling onto the top of the wound bed. Meanwhile the wound contract by gripping the wound edge to reduce the size of the wound and bring the tissues closer; new capillaries deliver nutrients and oxygen for the development of granulation tissue and proliferation of fibroblasts. Fibroblasts differentiate to myofibroblasts which have contractile properties containing stress fibres. The last phase of healing is regeneration and scar formation which is involved in a progressive remodelling of the granulation tissue. In this phase many enzymes and their inhibitors play a major role. Vascular cells and myofibroblasts are reduced in numbers. In the final stage, there are two separate processes: regeneration and replacement. In regeneration process, the new tissue completely restored the portions of damaged tissue to their normal state. collagen is realigned and cells no longer needed are removed. In replacement type of healing, severely damaged tissues are replaced by connective tissue forming scarring.

 

The healing process can become abnormal. These abnormal repair processes are the result of an impaired remodelling of the granulation tissue. If there is the noxious stimulus, excessive extracellular matrix deposition and the continued presence of myofibroblasts is observed. This excess of extracellular matrix deposition leads to the development of organ fibrosis. The installation and persistence of fibrosis is the consequence of an imbalance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation by myofibroblasts.

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