Which muscle can cause you headache, neck and shoulder pain?
Trapezius muscle: the muscle can cause you headache, neck and shoulder pain.
You may experience headache, neck and shoulder pain and feel aching and burning from the base of your skull to between your shoulder blades. One of the first muscles to cause this pain is trapezius. This is a broad triangular muscle at neck and upper back, one of the largest superficial muscles at the back. It attaches to the base of the skull and extends down to the neck, the upper back until mid back; laterally it inserts to the shoulder blades. There are three functional regions to the muscle: the Upper, middle, and lower trapezius, and each region has its own function: upper region moves the shoulder blades and support the arms; the middle region retracts the shoulder blades and the lower region rotates and depresses the shoulder blades.
Pain caused from the upper trapezius includes headaches on the temples, facial, temple or jaw pain, pain behind the eye, dizziness, neck pain, stiff neck, limited movement, intolerance to weight on the shoulders. Pain caused by middle trapezius includes headache at the base of the skull, mid back burning pain or aching along the spine or to the top of the shoulder. Pain caused from the lower trapezius includes headache at the base of the skull, aching on the top of the shoulder, neck, mid back and/or upper shoulder pain; pain at the back of the shoulder blade which could go down the inside of the arm to the ring and little fingers.
Acupuncture effectively releases neck and shoulder pain from the trapezius muscles.
Which muscle is related to headaches and wrinkles in the face?
The occipitofrontalis is an interesting muscle. It consists of two parts:
The occipital parts is the occipitalis muscle. This is the muscle that covers parts of the skull at the back of the head. It arises from the upper neck along the base of the skull (occipital bone) and innervated by the facial nerve. Its contraction draws the skull back and contributes to the headaches.
The frontal parts are called frontalis muscle. These two muscles are connected by epicranial aponeurosis. The frontalis is continuing from the aponeurosis and is inserted in the fascia of the facial muscle and in the skin above the eyes and nose. This muscle is facial expression muscle and it draws the scalp back to raise eyebrows and wrinkles the forehead.
Distinct facial skin
The facial skin is slightly different from the body skin though it is a part of it. The skin cells on the face are generally smaller than those on the rest of the body. The skin on the face is thinner than that on the body. There is less fat on the facial skin and more hair follicles, sweat and oil glands. If hair follicles become plugged with oily secretions, acne starts. Water is lost from the face more quickly than from the body. when facial skin becomes dry, it can feel rough and tight, even reddened, scaly and itchy.
There are four types of facial skin. Normal skin type is the skin is neither dry nor oily. Dry skin type is the skin tends to be dry and often feels tight and rough. Oily skin is the skin feels oily and more prone to have acne. Combination skin is the skin dryness varies at different area: dry cheeks and oily T-zone around the nose.
Acupuncture improves skin circulation and moisture to rejuvenate the skin.
Facial expression muscles
Facial expression muscles (or mimetic muscles) are a group of muscles on the face which control facial expression. They are innervated by the facial nerve. They are different from other muscles. They attach to the bones at one end and attach to the skin at the other end. When they contract, the skin moves and is folded forming the wrinkles that we see on the skin surface. There are five groups of expression muscles. These muscles are responsible for facial wrinkles and facial tension.
How does the face age?
The aging process involves both intrinsic and extrinsic influences.
Intrinsic (cellular and genetic) aging begins in our twenties as the production of collagen decreases, eventually leading to a loss in skin elasticity. Cellular turnover also gradually slows, leading to duller-looking skin.
Extrinsic aging consists of environmental and lifestyle-related factors which can speed up the aging process. These include diet, alcohol consumption, smoking and sun exposure.
Everyone experiences these aspects of aging differently which lead to aging at different rates chronologically and physically.
Twenties are the most glorious year for the skin with glow of youth. Only towards the end of the twenties the skin may begin to look slightly duller than it used to. The early signs of sun damage, including wrinkles, enlarged pores and sun spots start emerging.
In thirties, skin dead cells become visible, the skin is duller; lines and brown spots begin to form and the skin starts loosing and losing volume.
In forties, aging signs become more noticeable: apart from further signs of dull and loose skin, lips are loose, face was dragged downwards, eye brows, eyes and mouth descend and jaw line slackens, face becomes empty due to loosing fat pad. Some age more than others because of variation in genetics, environmental exposure and lifestyle behaviors.
By adding additional ten years, facial changes accelerate more and more. The face loses its volume in the muscles and soft tissues. The skin is dull and loose because of loss of collagen and elastin. Women lose about one-third of their collagen in the first five years of menopause, causing the skin to become drier, looser and more vulnerable to inflammation, sun damage and stressors, such as pollution and underlying health issues. This is the time that the skin needs to be rescued, if it was neglected for years.
Beyond fifties, facial aging could be accelerated dramatically as time passes by.
There are steps to take to avoid these aging influences; such as drinking enough water and wearing sunscreen, of course having facial acupuncture.
How does the body heal itself?
Tissue repair is involved in the healing process which allows restoration of injured tissue. There are four phases during the healing process: blood clotting, inflammation, tissue growth (proliferation) and tissue remodeling (maturation). Blood clotting is initiated within a few minutes of injury. Plate. The inflammatory phase begins with damage to the capillaries, which triggers the formation of a blood clot and the various recruited cells to migrate into wound, such as inflammatory cells (neutrophils and macrophages), fibroblasts and endothelial cells and damaged tissue and cells, bacteria and other debris are cleared out. In proliferation phase, new blood vessels are formed and new tissue cells are crawling onto the top of the wound bed. Meanwhile the wound contract by gripping the wound edge to reduce the size of the wound and bring the tissues closer; new capillaries deliver nutrients and oxygen for the development of granulation tissue and proliferation of fibroblasts. Fibroblasts differentiate to myofibroblasts which have contractile properties containing stress fibres. The last phase of healing is regeneration and scar formation which is involved in a progressive remodelling of the granulation tissue. In this phase many enzymes and their inhibitors play a major role. Vascular cells and myofibroblasts are reduced in numbers. In the final stage, there are two separate processes: regeneration and replacement. In regeneration process, the new tissue completely restored the portions of damaged tissue to their normal state. collagen is realigned and cells no longer needed are removed. In replacement type of healing, severely damaged tissues are replaced by connective tissue forming scarring.
Factors affect wound healing.
For a wound to heal successfully, all four phases must occur in the proper sequence and time frame. Many factors can interfere with one or more phases of this process, thus causing improper or impaired wound healing. Generally, the factors that influence repair can be categorized into local and systemic. Local factors are those that directly influence the characteristics of the wound itself, such as oxygenation, infection, foreign body and venous sufficiency; while systemic factors are the overall health or disease state of the individual that affect his or her ability to heal such as age and hormones, stress, diabetes, ischemia, diseases, diabetes, obesity, medications including sterioids, chemotherapy, immunity deficiency, alcoholism, smoking, and nutrition.
The healing process can become abnormal. These abnormal repair processes are the result of an impaired remodelling of the granulation tissue. If there is the noxious stimulus, excessive extracellular matrix deposition and the continued presence of myofibroblasts is observed. This excess of extracellular matrix deposition leads to the development of organ fibrosis. The installation and persistence of fibrosis is the consequence of an imbalance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation by myofibroblasts.
S Guo et al J Dent Res. 2010 Mar; 89(3): 219–229.
How does your body temperature help you to know ovulation time?
What is basal body temperature? Basal body temperature (BBT) is the lowest body temperature during rest. It is usually measured in the morning as soon as you wake up and before you engage any physical activity. In women, BBT changes with the menstrual cycles. If you make a daily BBT chart in a full menstrual cycle you can see the BBT chart is biphasic which means there are two temperature phases. Ovulation increases BBT for about up to 0.5 degree Celsius. The average BBT is 36.37 ±0.12 ºC during follicular phase (the phase prior to ovulation) and 36.72 ±0.12 ºC in luteal phase (the phase after ovulation). If conception does not occur, the temperature goes down and then the next menstrual cycle starts. If the conception occurs, the temperature stays at the higher level until the end of first trimester of the pregnancy.
If you are trying to conceive, making your BBT chart is the easiest way to know if or when you are ovulated precisely, though it does not predict ovulation. Your BBT chart also can tell if your body is the best form and is ready to sustain a pregnancy. BBT was regulated by hormones estrogen and progesterone which produced by ovaries. High levels of estrogen lower BBTs while high levels of progesterone increase BBTs. If your BBT chart is normal, this means your ovaries are functioning well and you are ready for pregnancy.
If you have difficulty to conceive, it may reflex on your BBT chart. For example, if you are not ovulating, your BBT chart does not have two phases. If you have short luteal phase which is difficult to sustain your pregnancy it shows a disturbed BBT chart. If your first three day’s BBT is greater than 36.6 ºC, this may be associated with endometriosis.
Tension triangle is involved in the face, head, neck and shoulders. The muscles in this triangle are very sensitive to stress and emotions causing tension for these muscles. According to research, in the first two or three seconds of emotional upset, the muscles around the eyes, mouth and jaw almost always tighten. Prolonged stress leads to a chronic shortening of the muscles. Under stress circumstances, people hold their body in a tension without realizing it; continuing buildup occurs when the stress is persisting. Over the time their neck and shoulder muscles get shorter and shorter. All of the muscles in the tension triangle are particularly vulnerable to pressure. For example corrugators and frontalis muscle on the forehead tighten in response to emotional tension. Chewing muscles such as the masseter and the temporalis also react to mental stress by tightening. Many people clench their teeth when tense. The trapezius, the large band of muscle spreads out from the base of the skull, down the neck, to the spine and shoulder blades. The trapezius helps the neck support the head. Also the sternomastoid muscles run down from the back of the ear along the sides of the neck to the chest. Sitting down on the desk for long time creates tension on these two muscles. The most common symptoms of problems in the tension triangle are the headaches and a stiff neck. Tense muscles in the jaw and neck cause headaches by constricting blood flow to the head and scalp. And tightness in the trapezius muscle causes stiff neck.
Muscle tension slows blood flow to the skin and muscles. Normally, the blood washes away the metabolic products which is toxic to the cells. But if the muscle stays tense, it becomes oxygen-starved and metabolites, say lactic acid, build up. The pain receptors in the muscles are sensitive both to shortening of the fibers and to a buildup of metabolites. When these receptors detect such conditions, they send a message of pain to the brain.
Immediate relief for a tense muscle comes from lengthening its fibers and getting the blood flowing to clear out the metabolites. Acupuncture is the best way to relax the muscles, release the muscle tension and restore blood flow.
Inflammation is present in women’s reproductive system physiology.
Inflammation is a basic reaction that our body responds to infection, irritation or other injury. Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissue to harmful stimuli. Without inflammation, wound and infection would never heal. Inflammation is a defense and has two aspects of effects: beneficial and harmful. If our body suffered from infection or injury, the defense system tend to remove harmful stimuli, initiating healing process for repair and regeneration. This is beneficial effect. The process of acute inflammation is initiated by local blood vessels with related chemicals accumulated into tissue. Increased blood flow causes characteristic swelling, redness and heat. As a consequence, vasodilation and increased permeability cause slowing of blood flow. Inflammation could stimulates nerves causing pain. It also could damage organs and their function if the inflammation is too strong which is harmful. Inflammation has a significant role in gynecology and infertility, affecting the ovary, uterus as well as the embryo and implantation.
Inflammation is present in women’s reproductive system physiology. There is temporary changes reflected inflammation process observed in the ovary during follicular development, ovulation and luteal formation. Immune cells accumulate in the inner lining of the uterus during the secretary phase of the menstrual cycle indicating inflammation involved in the endometrial cycles in the uterus.Inflammation is also present in the uterus during period time when the uterine lining is breaking down. Recent research found that a special protein which can inhibits immune cell function and has local anti-inflammatory effect prevented immune attack to the embryo and created a local hospitable environment in the uterus in early pregnancy without compromising maternal system immune function. Inflammation plays an important role in implantation as well.
What are hormones?
Hormones are produced in the endocrine glands. There are many endocrine glands in the body, such as the pituitary gland, thyroid, adrenal glands, and pancreas, testis in men ad ovaries in women. These glands produce specific chemicals and these chemicals act on the target organs and play a role in body function such as growth, metabolism, sexual function, reproduction and mood etc. Hormones are powerful molecules and only a tiny amount can cause big changes in the body. Too much or too little hormones can cause serious conditions. For example, if ovaries don’t produce enough hormones ie oestrogen and progesterone, it can cause infertility. If pancreas does not produce enough insulin, it can cause diabetes.
What are muscle knots?
Muscles knots are hard, sensitive areas of muscles that tighten and contract even when the muscle is at rest which can cause pain when touched. They’re also known as trigger points and can cause aching sensations and pain in the muscles and joints. When you touch it, it may feel swollen, tense, or bumpy which means the area is inflamed. It could also feel tight and contracted and sensitive to touch. Muscle knots is often caused by: overusing or injuring the muscles, poor posture, stress and anxiety. They can occur anywhere in the body, but they’re usually found in the back, shoulders, and neck, buttock. They can cause symptoms in areas outside of the muscles, such as headaches, toothaches, earaches. They are often accompanied with stress, anxiety, and depression, and difficulty sleeping.
What is collagen?
Collagens are the most plentiful insoluble fibrous proteins and major building blocks in the body accounting for 1/3 of the protein composition. They can be found in bones, skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They are also found in many other body parts, including blood vessels, corneas, and teeth. The collagens in the human body are strong and flexible. They give the skin strength and elasticity and help blood clot etc.
There are 4 main types of collagens out of 16.
Collagens are known as structural proteins that holds the body together to provide strength and structure.
Type I consist of 90% of the body’s collagen and is densely packed fibers. It provides structure to skin, bones, tendons, fibrous cartilage, connective tissue, and teeth.
Type II is more loosely packed and found in elastic cartilage of joints.
Type III supports the structure of muscles, organs, and arteries.
Type IV helps with filtration and is found in the layers of the skin.
With aging, the body produces less and lower quality collagen.
For example, the skin becomes less firm and elastic. Wrinkles form, Joint cartilage also weakens with age.