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Understanding Achilles Tendonitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Acupuncture Treatment

Achilles tendonitis is a common yet painful condition that affects the Achilles tendon, the largest tendon in the human body. This tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, plays a crucial role in everyday activities such as walking, running, and jumping. Achilles tendonitis occurs when the tendon becomes inflamed, leading to pain and discomfort.


Overuse and Repetitive Stress: One of the primary causes of Achilles tendonitis is overuse or repetitive stress on the tendon. Athletes, particularly runners and those involved in activities that require sudden stops or changes in direction, are at a higher risk of developing this condition.

Improper Footwear: Wearing shoes with inadequate support or those that do not properly cushion the heel can contribute to the development of Achilles tendonitis. Ill-fitting shoes can strain the tendon and lead to inflammation over time.

Tight Calf Muscles: Tightness in the calf muscles can increase the strain on the Achilles tendon. This tightness may result from inadequate stretching before physical activity or from naturally tight muscles.

Age and Gender: Individuals between the ages of 30 and 50 are more susceptible to Achilles tendonitis. Additionally, men are more prone to this condition than women, possibly due to differences in muscle mass and strength.


Pain and Stiffness: The most common symptom of Achilles tendonitis is pain and stiffness in the Achilles tendon, particularly near the heel. This pain may be more pronounced after physical activity or upon waking up in the morning.

Swelling and Tenderness: Inflammation of the tendon can lead to swelling and tenderness along the length of the Achilles tendon. Touching or pressing on the affected area may exacerbate the discomfort.

Reduced Range of Motion: Individuals with Achilles tendonitis may experience a decreased range of motion in the ankle. This limitation can affect activities that require flexing or pointing the foot.

Acupuncture is effective to release pain stiffness and swelling.

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